Infertility is defined by the inability to conceive and carry a child. In order to be diagnosed as infertile, the couple must make several attempts over a 12 month (consecutive) period of time. If no viable pregnancies result, the couple is said to be infertile and the doctor will begin to look for the underlying cause. Many women may actually be able to conceive a child but not be able to carry it successfully until birth. Although a pregnancy occurred, the inability to carry the fetus to term will result in an infertility diagnosis. Infertility is not always the woman's problem. A low sperm count can also be the cause of the problem.
Infertility can have many causes. Some are easier to uncover and treat than others. Obesity, diabetes, chronic fatigue, endometriosis, fibroid tumors, cysts, and uterine prolapse are all causes of infertility. High levels of stress can also be a factor. Stress depletes the body of vital nutrients that are needed to support reproductive health. These same nutrients also play a role in production and release of certain hormones in the body. When a woman's hormone levels are out of balance, it can result in a disruption in ovulation. This disruption can mean that no egg is released or that the environment is not conducive to a viable pregnancy.
In some cases, hormone therapy is an excellent way to treat infertility. If the woman's problem is a lack of estrogen or other reproductive hormones, re-establishing the proper balance is essential to both produce the egg and create the perfect environment within the uterus. Just like with a woman, a man needs sufficient amounts of testosterone to produce enough viable sperm to make conditions favorable for a pregnancy to occur. Hormone replacement therapy that is designed to re-establish male hormone levels may be effective at helping the man produce enough sperm to make pregnancy possible.
*Individual results may vary
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